Congressional appropriators will soon launch hearings on the federal budget for FY 2018, which begins on Oct. 1, after Congress successfully passed a spending bill for the current fiscal year which did not include deep cuts for domestic programs.
The House Budget Committee was previously expected to take up its FY 2018 budget resolution in early May 15, but recent reports are that they will wait until after the Memorial Day break, with the Senate Budget Committee waiting until June.
President Trump is expected to release his full FY 2018 budget at the end of May; this budget is expected to include proposals for revenues and for mandatory spending areas such as Medicaid, Medicare, and SNAP, as well as details left out of his preliminary FY 2018 budget request released in March. The preliminary request which included $54 billion cuts to nondefense programs to pay for an equal increase in Pentagon spending (see chart).
Advocates are concerned that the House GOP budget will contain massive cuts that would be devastating to human needs programs. Any additional cuts would be on top of sequestration-level funding, which is scheduled to go back into effect for FY 2018 unless a bipartisan budget deal is reached to lift the spending caps.
Republicans in Congress hope to use a special process known as reconciliation with the FY 2018 budget resolution that would allow them to pass tax reform, and possibly reforms to entitlement programs, with only a simple majority in the Senate.
|Select Discretionary Funding Totals for FY 2015-2018|
(Dollars in Billions)
|2015||2016||2018 President’s request||2018 request +/- 2016||% change|
|Title I, Education for the Disadvantaged|
|Grants to local educational agencies||$14.410||14.889||15.902||1.013||7%|
|Comp. literacy development grants (previously striving readers)||0.160||0.190||0.000||-0.190||-100%|
|Innovative approaches to literacy (in FIE in 2015)||0.025||0.027|
|Neglected and delinquent||0.048||0.048|
|Special programs for migrant students||0.037||0.045|
|Supporting effective instruction state grants||2.350||2.347||0.000||-2.347||-100%|
|Mathematics and science partnerships (eliminated by ESSA)||0.153||0.153|
|21st century community learning centers||1.152||1.167||0.000||-1.167||-100%|
|Education for homeless children and youths||0.065||0.070|
|Native Hawaiian education||0.032||0.033|
|Alaska Native education||0.031||0.032|
|Training and advisory services||0.007||0.007|
|Supplemental education grants (Compact of Free Association Act)||0.017||0.017|
|DoEd Discretionary Appropriation||67.136||68.264||59.000||-9.264||-14%|
|Early Head Start||0.500||0.635|
|Child Care and Development Block Grant||1.435||2.761|
|Library Services Technology Act||0.181||0.183||0.000||-0.183||-100%|
|Museum Services Act||0.029||0.030||0.000||-0.030||-100%|